What are the bass expected to be doing during each one of our four seasons? I know bass don't have an exact day like we do when we're suppose to be in a different season, so what do we look for to know when fish have changed to the next season's pattern? Thanks a bunch for doing this forum!
Generally fish will be deep. The water is cold so their metabolism is low. You'll need to fish slow and deliberate. Use your electronics to find the shad schools and the bass will not be to far away. Also the bass will be schooled up chasing shad.
- Pre spawn - As the water is warming and gets to around 54 degrees in the the morning, the bass will be moving shallower and back into the coves. They will be around secondary points and ledges leading to spawning areas. Jigs will be one of your best baits during this time as the bass start feeding heavily on crawdads.
- Spawn - Start looking in your northerly coves that receive the warm southerly winds. Look for protected areas. There will be a lot of sight fishing during this time. As the sun get up on the water, you'll want to fish the light breaks for your staging female bass.
- Post spawn - During the post spawn there should be a lot of males guarding fry. Chuggers are a good bait of choice for bass guarding the fry. The females will be starting to move out away from the spawning areas, moving to their summer patterns.
SUMMER - Bass will be shallow morning and evening around the banks. During the high sun the bass will go deeper, unless there is a lot of cover around the shore. Generally the thermocline is a good place to fish during high sun hours. There will be a lot of suspended fish chasing shad. Metabolism will be high, and fish will be into faster moving baits. Top water, jerk baits, spinner baits, drop shot, carolina rigs, and pretty much everything will work at this time of year.
FALL - As the water starts cooling you will find more bass shallow and they will be feeding heavily at different times during the day preparing for winter. Generally there is a lot of good shallow water action all day long. There will still be some deep water bites but generally the fish will be structured more shallow. Jigs, cranks, top water, start to become the lures of choice. Usually medium speed retrieves.
This is just the basic generalities. These are all just starting points and things to look for. Hope this helps.